Setting up change data capture (CDC) pipelines with Debezium typically is a matter of configuration, without any programming being involved. It’s still a very good idea to have automated tests for your CDC set-up, making sure that everything is configured correctly and that your Debezium connectors are set up as intended.
There’s two main components involved whose configuration need consideration:
The source database: it must be set up so that Debezium can connect to it and retrieve change events; details depend on the specific database, e.g. for MySQL the binlog must be in "row" mode, for Postgres, one of the supported logical decoding plug-ins must be installed, etc.
The Debezium connector: it must be configured using the right database host and credentials, possibly using SSL, applying table and column filters, potentially one or more single message transformations (SMTs), etc.