Debezium notifications


Debezium notifications provide a mechanism to obtain status information about the connector. Notifications can be sent to the following channels:


Sends notifications through the Connect API to a configured topic.


Notifications are appended to the log.


Notifications are exposed as an attribute in a JMX bean.


Notifications are sent to a custom channel that you implement.

Debezium notification format

Notification messages contain the following information:

Property Description


A unique identifier that is assigned to the notification. For incremental snapshot notifications, the id is the same sent with the execute-snapshot signal.


The data type of the aggregate root to which a notification is related. In domain-driven design, exported events should always refer to an aggregate.


Provides status information about the event specified in the aggregate_type field.


A Map<String,String> with detailed information about the notification. For an example, see Debezium notifications about the progress of incremental snapshots.

Available notifications

Debezium notifications deliver information about the progress of initial snapshots or incremental snapshots.

Debezium notifications about the status of an initial snapshot

The following example shows a typical notification that provides the status of an initial snapshot:

    "id": "5563ae14-49f8-4579-9641-c1bbc2d76f99",
    "aggregate_type": "Initial Snapshot",
    "type": "COMPLETED" (1)
1 The type field can contain one of the following values:



Debezium notifications about the progress of incremental snapshots

The following table shows examples of the different payloads that might be present in notifications that report the status of incremental snapshots:

Status Payload


      "aggregate_type":"Incremental Snapshot",
         "data_collections":"table1, table2"


      "aggregate_type":"Incremental Snapshot",
         "data_collections":"table1, table2"


   "aggregate_type":"Incremental Snapshot",
      "data_collections":"table1, table2"


   "aggregate_type":"Incremental Snapshot",

Processing chunk

   "aggregate_type":"Incremental Snapshot",
      "data_collections":"table1, table2",

Snapshot completed for a table

   "aggregate_type":"Incremental Snapshot",
      "data_collection":"table1, table2",
      "status":"SUCCEEDED" (1)
1 The possible values are:
  • EMPTY - table is empty

  • NO_PRIMARY_KEY - table has no primary key necessary for snapshot

  • SKIPPED - snapshot for this kind of table is not supported, check logs for details

  • SQL_EXCEPTION - SQL exception caught while processing a snapshot

  • SUCCEEDED - snapshot completed successfully

  • UNKNOWN_SCHEMA - schema not found for table, check logs for the list of known tables


   "aggregate_type":"Incremental Snapshot",

Enabling Debezium notifications

To enable Debezium to emit notifications, specify a list of notification channels by setting the notification.enabled.channels configuration property. By default, the following notification channels are available:

  • sink

  • log

  • jmx

To use the sink notification channel, you must also set the configuration property to the name of the topic where you want Debezium to send notifications.

Access to Debezium JMX notifications

To enable Debezium to report events that are exposed through JMX beans, complete the following configuration steps:

  1. Enable the JMX MBean Server to expose the notification bean.

  2. Add jmx to the notification.enabled.channels property in the connector configuration.

  3. Connect your preferred JMX client to the MBean Server.

Notifications are exposed through the Notifications attribute of a bean with the name debezium.<connector-type>.management.notifications.<server>.

The following image shows a notification that reports the start of an incremental snapshot:

Fields in the JMX `Notifications` attribute

To discard a notification, call the reset operation on the bean.

The notifications are also exposed as a JMX notification with type debezium.notification. To enable an application to listen for the JMX notifications that an MBean emits, subscribe the application to the notifications.

Custom notification channels

The notification mechanism is designed to be extensible. You can implement channels as needed to deliver notifications in a manner that works best in your environment. Adding a notification channel involves several steps:

Configuring custom notification channels

Custom notification channels are Java classes that implement the io.debezium.pipeline.notification.channels.NotificationChannel service provider interface (SPI). For example:

public interface NotificationChannel {

    String name(); (1)

    void init(CommonConnectorConfig config); (2)

    void send(Notification notification); (3)

    void close(); (4)
1 The name of the channel. To enable Debezium to use the channel, specify this name in the connector’s notification.enabled.channels property.
2 Initializes specific configuration, variables, or connections that the channel requires.
3 Sends the notification on the channel. Debezium calls this method to report its status.
4 Closes all allocated resources. Debezium calls this method when the connector is stopped.

Debezium core module dependencies

A custom notification channel Java project has compile dependencies on the Debezium core module. You must include these compile dependencies in your project’s pom.xml file, as shown in the following example:

    <version>${version.debezium}</version> (1)
1 ${version.debezium} represents the version of the Debezium connector.

Declare your implementation in the META-INF/services/io.debezium.pipeline.notification.channels.NotificationChannel file.

Deploying a custom notification channel

  • You have a custom notification channel Java program.

  • To use a notification channel with a Debezium connector, export the Java project to a JAR file, and copy the file to the directory that contains the JAR file for each Debezium connector that you want to use it with.

    For example, in a typical deployment, the Debezium connector files are stored in subdirectories of a Kafka Connect directory (/kafka/connect), with each connector JAR in its own subdirectory (/kafka/connect/debezium-connector-db2, /kafka/connect/debezium-connector-mysql, and so forth). To use a signaling channel with a connector, add the converter JAR file to the connector’s subdirectory.

To use a custom notification channel with multiple connectors, you must place a copy of the notification channel JAR file in each connector subdirectory.

Configuring connectors to use a custom notification channel

In the connector configuration, add the name of the custom notification channel to the notification.enabled.channels property.